主 题：Alternative Conceputalization of Pay Dispersion, Contextualized Theory, and Meta-evidence
主讲人：Jason D. Shaw (Chair Professor, Nanyang Technological University; Editor, Academy of Management Journal)
The authors conduct a meta-analysis of the relationship between pay dispersion and organizational outcomes to examine the magnitude of the relationship and, more importantly, test potential moderators: pay dispersion types, outcome types, and unit types. Results from 138 total correlations (N = 311,509) show that the overall correlations between pay dispersion and organizational outcomes is significant and positive (ρ = .06). In addition, pay dispersion among individuals holding different jobs—vertical pay dispersion—was positively related to workforce performance and financial performance, but pay dispersion among individuals within the same job—horizontal pay dispersion—was negatively related to financial performance. Additionally, the results show that a positive relationship exists between vertical pay dispersion and turnover—the sorting effect. The authors discuss the meta-analytic findings and their implications for future pay dispersion research.