主 题：Helping Others or Helping Oneself? An Episodic Examination of the Behavioral Consequences of Helping at Work
主讲人：Christopher C. Rosen（professor, University of Arkansas）
Scholars have paid an increasing amount of attention to organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB), with a particular emphasis on helping others at work. Additionally, recent empirical work has focused on how OCB is an intra-individual phenomenon, such that employees vary daily in the extent to which they help others. One limitation, however, of this research has been an over-emphasis on well-being consequences associated with helping (e.g., changes in affect and mental depletion) and far less attention on behavioral consequences of daily helping. In the current study, we develop a self-regulatory framework that articulates how helping others at work is a depleting experience that can lead to a reduction in subsequent acts of helping others, and an increase in behaviors aimed at helping oneself. We further theorize how two chronic individual differences—prevention focus and political skill—serve as cross-level moderators of these relations. In an experience sampling study of 91 full-time employees across 10 consecutive workdays, our results illustrate that helping is a depleting act that makes individuals more likely to engage in self-serving acts and less likely to help others. Moreover, the relation of helping acts with depletion is strengthened for employees who have higher levels of prevention focus.
Christopher C. Rosen is a professor of management in the Sam M. Walton College of Business at the University of Arkansas. Dr. Rosen received B.A. degrees in Psychology and Economics from Washington and Lee University, his M.A. degree in Industrial/Organizational Psychology and Human Resource Management from Appalachian State University, and his Ph.D. in Industrial/Organizational Psychology from the University of Akron. His research covers a broad range of topics, including workplace politics, motivation, and employee well-being. His research has appeared in a number of top-tier management and psychology journals (e.g., Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Management, Organizational Science, Personnel Psychology), as well as numerous media outlets. Dr. Rosen serves on the editorial boards of Journal of Applied Psychology and Personnel Psychology and is currently an Associate Editor for the Journal of Management. Dr. Rosen is a member of the Executive Committee for the Human Resources Division of the Academy of Management and is the HR Division’s Program Chair for the 2018 conference.